A number of causes may account for a hematosalpinx, by far the most common being a tubal pregnancy. It may also result from tubal disease such as inflammation of the fallopian tube. A hematosalpinx can also be associated with endometriosis or tubal carcinoma. Further, if menstrual blood flow is obstructed (cryptomenorrhea), caused for instance by a transverse vaginal septum, and gets backed up it may lead to a hematosalpinx. A hematosalpinx from other conditions may be painless but could lead to uterine bleeding. Blood may also escape into the peritoneal cavity leading to a hemoperitoneum.
In all of this cases, hematosalpinx can be very well diagnosed by gynecologic ultrasound examination.
Tubal blockage is one of the most important factors for female infertility. This acute tubal damage creates pregnancy complications rather it leads to ectopic pregnancy. Fertility may be affected if treatment involves removal of the fallopian tube (salpingectomy). Generally women find surgical treatment as the only way to get pregnant with their blocked fallopian tubes.
Successful pregnancy rate with surgical therapy is below than average.
Generally womanly immunity becomes weaker over menstrual period or after abortion and delivery. Therefore, it is time for females to keep the good habit of personal hygiene, in which way uterine tubes can be saved from invading of bacteria.
Self-therapy of hematosalpinx does not exist. It is a potentially life-threatening condition and therefore, visiting a doctor is strongly recommended.
Treatment is directed at the underlying condition and usually surgical. Hematosalpinx may require laprotomy or laparoscopy for removal and reconstruction of affected tube.
With the advent of IVF which bypasses the need for tubal function a more successful treatment approach has become available for women who want to conceive. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and using sperm to fertilize them during ICSI procedure. The fertilized eggs (zygotes) are cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and then implanted in woman's uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. In some situations, donated eggs or sperms may be used.
An obstruction prevents the egg or sperm from traveling down the tube, thus making fertilization impossible.
A state in which pieces of the tissue alike to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grow in other parts of the body.
A hydrosalpinx is an abnormal pouch containing liquid in a fallopian tube.
A distally blocked Fallopian tube filled with pus.
An abnormal growth of fallopian tube tissue.
An acute inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
Two very fine tubes that transport sperm toward the egg, and allow passage of the fertilized egg back to the uterus for implantation.
The uterus is the largest and major organ of the female reproductive tract that is the site of fetal growth and is hormonally responsive
A female germ cell involved in reproduction.
The fusion of an ovum with a sperm to initiate the development of a new individual organism.
The process of the maturation of the female gametes through the meiotic division.
A congenital disorder where a hymen without an opening completely obstructs the vagina and with negative impact on female fertility.
A complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
Pain in the area of the pelvis, that lasts more than six months.
Retained menstrual flow due to congenital obstruction of the vagina.
The condition in which the blood escapes from the circulatory system.
Pain that occurs in low area of abdomen, below the umbilicus.
The biological fluid secreted from the vagina.
Process by which a woman donates eggs for purposes of assisted reproduction or biomedical research.
A micromanipulative fertilization technique in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.
The procedure in which a man (sperm donor) provides his sperm for fertility treatment.
A process in which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro. Own or donated gametes may be used.