A pyosalpinx is one of the features of pelvic inflammatory disease and refers to the presence of pus in one of the fallopian tubes occurring as a consequence of an infection in the reproductive tract. Too much increase in pus within the fallopian tubes makes it swollen. The ramifications of this condition are important and include tubal infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Infections may start in the vagina and progress up to the cervix, uterus and to one or both fallopian tubes. The most common causative microorganisms are Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea, and microorganisms associated with bacterial vaginosis. These bacteria go into the reproductive system during abortion process, using intrauterine devices or childbirth process. Initially, infection starts within vagina but it affects uterus and fallopian tubes within short time.
The most dangerous complication is crack of the oviduct, with growth of pelvic peritonitis and later of diffuse peritonitis.
Tubal factor infertility accounts for nearly one-quarter of all cases of infertility. Pyosalpinx prevent sperm from travelling towards an egg, thus making pregnancy impossible. The evaluation of the fallopian tube is necessary to determine the management plan of infertility. A number of diagnostic tests are being used in clinical practice to assess tubal patency as part of the work-up for subfertility.
To reduce your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. Efforts to prevent the disease include not having sex or having few sexual partners and using condoms.
Tubal cannulation - it is a surgical procedure where a thin catheter is advanced through the proximal portion of the fallopian tube os to examine and possibly restore tubal patency.
An obstruction prevents the egg or sperm from traveling down the tube, thus making fertilization impossible.
A state in which pieces of the tissue alike to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grow in other parts of the body.
Hematosalpinx is a medical condition involving bleeding into the fallopian tube.
A hydrosalpinx is an abnormal pouch containing liquid in a fallopian tube.
Infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system and a common complication of some sexually transmitted diseases.
A common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria that can lead to serious reproductive morbidity.
A sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
The narrow inferior portion of the uterus that projects into the vagina.
Two very fine tubes that transport sperm toward the egg, and allow passage of the fertilized egg back to the uterus for implantation.
The ovum-producing organs of the internal female reproductive system
The uterus is the largest and major organ of the female reproductive tract that is the site of fetal growth and is hormonally responsive
Sex organ that is a part of the female genital tract having two primary functions: sexual intercourse and childbirth.
A female germ cell involved in reproduction.
The cell formed by the union of a sperm and an oocyte.
The fusion of an ovum with a sperm to initiate the development of a new individual organism.
The very early stage of pregnancy at which the embryo adheres to the wall of the uterus.
A complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
An inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.
Illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of human sexual behavior and that may impact fertility.
A temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
The failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
A white blood cell count (the leukocyte count) above the normal range in the blood.
Pain that occurs in low area of abdomen, below the umbilicus.
Medications that reduce inflammation.
Process by which a woman donates eggs for purposes of assisted reproduction or biomedical research.
Surgical removal of a Fallopian tube(s).
A micromanipulative fertilization technique in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.
Antibiotics or antibacterials are a type of antimicrobial used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An advanced therapy with drugs triggering the ovulation, which is used in cases of fallopian tube blockage on one side.
The procedure in which a man (sperm donor) provides his sperm for fertility treatment.
A process in which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro. Own or donated gametes may be used.
A broad range of medicine practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of more than 2000 years.