Bartholin glands, greater vestibular glands, glandula vestibularis major, BGs
Bartholin's glands (Pic. 1) secrete mucus to provide vaginal lubrication. Bartholin's glands secrete relatively minute amounts of fluid when a woman is sexually aroused. The fluid may slightly moisten the labial opening of the vagina, serving to make contact with this sensitive area more comfortable for the woman.
The vaginal opening is located between the opening of the urethra and the anus. It is flanked by outlets to the Bartholin’s glands. BGs are located in the superficial perineal pouch. Their duct length is 1.5 to 2.0 cm and open into navicular fossa. The ducts are paired and they open on the surface of the vulva.
Although unusual, it is possible for the Bartholin's glands to become irritated or infected, resulting in pain. Inflammation of these glands can be caused by but not limited to gonorrhoeal and chlamydial infections and is called bartholitis. If the duct becomes obstructed, a Bartholin's cyst can develop, and a Bartholin's cyst in turn can become infected and form an abscess. Adenocarcinoma of the gland is rare, but benign tumors and hyperplasia are even more rare.