There are many ways of curing BED, but first should be seeing health professionals like nutritionists, and with people that only have depression and not having overweighting or sick like vomiting, they could go and find mental professionals instead. Other ways of curing BED includes helping the patients how to keep track of their diet and change the habit of eating unhealthy foods, some teaches them how to change the way they act, overcoming problems and thinking positive, some looks at their relationship with family members and friends trying to help them and make better relationship with them.Binge eating disorder (BED), also referred to as "compulsive overeating," is characterized by bingeing excessively with periods of uncontrolled, impulsive, and continuous eating to the point of being uncomfortably full, with no compensatory behavior (purging) afterwards. The binges are often triggered by an emotional event that causes the individual to turn to food as a means of comfort. After the binge, the person often experiences extreme guilt and self-loathing. BED is seen most commonly in middle-aged individuals, and is evenly distributed across gender and racial demographics, though there is some evidence to suggest that women may be more likely to seek treatment. Individuals are often upset about their binge eating and may become depressed.

People with binge eating disorder may become ill due to a lack of proper nutrition. Binging episodes usually include foods that are high in fat, sugar, and/or salt, but low in vitamins and minerals. In recent years, a compelling body of evidence suggests that foods high in sugar and fat have the potential to alter brain reward circuitry in a manner similar to that seen when addictive drugs like alcohol and heroin are consumed in excess. These findings have led to suggestions that some cases of compulsive overeating may be understood as an addiction to sweet, fatty, and salty foods.

While people of a healthy weight may overeat occasionally, an ongoing habit of consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time ultimately leads to weight gain and obesity. The main health consequences of this type of eating disorder are brought on by the weight gain resulting from the binging episodes.

Individuals suffering from BED often have a lower overall quality of life and commonly experience social difficulties. BED has been widely studied, with a special focus on binge episodes, which are the main manifestation and form of evaluation of the disease, frequently accompanied by hyperphagia (a behavioral condition characterized by the intense desire to write) and social isolation. In the majority of cases, obese patients with BED do not lose clinically significant amounts of weight with conventional weight loss therapies, which may be explained, to a great extent, by the comorbidities associated with the disorder. Individuals with BED seem to present psychopathological conditions at higher rates when compared with individuals without the disorder.

There are many ways of curing BED, but first should be seeing health professionals like nutritionists, and with people that only have depression and not having overweighting or sick like vomiting, they could go and find mental professionals instead. Other ways of curing BED includes helping the patients how to keep track of their diet and change the habit of eating unhealthy foods, some teaches them how to change the way they act, overcoming problems and thinking positive, some looks at their relationship with family members and friends trying to help them and make better relationship with them.

Despite its recent inclusion as an autonomous disease, BED diagnosis and treatment strategies deserve further deepening. A multidisciplinary and stepped-care treatment appears as a promising management strategy.

 Symptoms:

  • consumes a very large amount of food when experiencing stressful or unhappy emotions
  • eats secretively or is ashamed of the amount consumed
  • significant weight gain in small period of time (not representative of BED in all cases)
  • hoarding food

Associated diseases:

Common diseases associated with binge eating:

  • type 2 diabetes mellitus 
  • cardiovascular disease 
  • gastrointestinal issues (gallbladder disease) 
  • obstructive sleep apnoea (characterized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep)
  • depression 
  • bulimia nervosa
  • obesity

Some of the rare genetic hereditary diseases can also be associated with binge eating, such as:

  • Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS-genetic disorder that produces many effects and affects many body systems)
  • Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS- genetic disorder due to loss of function of specific genes on chromosome 15)
  • Morgagni Stewart Morel syndrome (condition with a wide range of associated endocrine problems including: diabetes mellitus)
  • Adiposogenital dystrophy (Frölich's Syndrome-condition which may be caused by tertiary hypogonadism originating from decreased levels of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone )

Complications:


The most common complication related to BED is obesity. It is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. Being overwight can cause another complications, such as:
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • heart disease
  • diabetes
  • gallbladder problems
  • musculoskeletal problems
Risk factors:

Eating disorders can arise by a combination of emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors. It is more than just about the food.

  • emotionial factors - problems with coping of feelings and emotions
  • psychological factors - low self-esteem, feelings of low control, depression, anxiety, anger, stress or loneliness
  • interpersonal factors - troubled relationships, difficulty expressing emotions, being bullied, having physical or sexual abuse
  • social factors – also influence people with eating disorders because of what society thinks a woman or a man should look like
Prevention:

Learning about healthy eating and an active lifestyle from the right sources is important. By maintaining a healthy weight and feeling good from the inside, people will feel good on the outside as well. Friends who are confident in their body image will be encouraging to feel the same and vice versa. 

Being active is also important. Not just in physical activities, but also joining and participating in activities that people love. Involvements in meaningful activities leave lasting positive impacts on outlook and mental health.

Communication with friends and family is also advisable. By learning how to listen and share problems with beloved people, it is possible to be able to sort out the various emotional issues that stand in way rather than bottling them up and leaving us vulnerable to other negative outlets.





There is evidence that previous or current eating disorders negatively impact women’s fertility. An undiagnosed, undisclosed, or untreated eating disorder may interfere with the infertility treatment and place the mother and baby at risk for negative health outcomes. Girls and women with eating disorders are at increased risk of failure to ovulate, reduced sex drive, menstrual irregularities such as oligomenorrhea (infrequent menstruation) and amenorrhea (absence of a menstrual period).

Obesity as common complication of BED can also affect fertility. People in the obese category are much more likely to suffer from fertility problems than people of normal healthy weight. There is an increased risk of anovulation in women with an increasing BMI value. Its major effects include a reduction in ovulation rate, a decline in oocyte quality, menstrual irregularities, a decreased pregnancy rate, changes in hormone levels and a rise in miscarriages. Obesity can have particularly damaging effects in young women as they begin menstruating earlier than normal girls, essentially enhancing the defects associated with obesity and fertility.

Eating disorders may result in miscarriages and fetal complications such as prematurity, , malformations, low Apgar scores (method to quickly summarize the health of newborn children), low maternal weight gain in pregnancy, small babies for gestational date, low birth weight of infants, increased neonatal morbidity, hyperemesis gravidarum (condition characterized by severe nausea, vomiting and weight loss) and problems in infant feeding.

The available information suggests that clinicians should inquire about nutritional intake, a history of eating disorders and weight reducing behaviours as part of the routine assessment of patients with the disorders of reproductive function listed above. If an eating disorder is discovered before conception, the woman should be encouraged to delay pregnancy until the eating disorder is treated and effectively under control. If the woman is pregnant, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to reduce maternal and fetal complications. The infants of eating-disordered women should be carefully followed to ensure adequate nutritional intake. 

Mothers who have or have had an eating disorder may also create abnormal behavioural patterns when feeding their children, such as irregular feeding schedules, detached non-interactive mealtimes, and use of food for non-nutritive purposes, which may lead to second-generation eating problems.

Because BED is often associated with significant weight gain, it can also affect fertility of men. There is a long known relationship between obesity and infertility in men. Current studies revealed that the risk of infertility increases with obesity grade regardless of age and female partner’s BMI and smoking habits of both partners. It has also been shown that obese couples where both partners are affected are less fertile than those with normal body mass.

It is also well known that obesity is associated with erectile dysfunction.



Eating disorders are treatable, and lots of people recover from them. Recovery is a difficult process that can take seven to ten years or even longer. Some people do better than others and make faster progress. The folks who do best, work with physicians and counselors who help them resolve both the medical and psychological issues that contribute to, or result from, disordered eating.

About 80 percent of people with eating disorders who seek treatment either recover completely or make significant progress. Sadly, the rest remain chronic sufferers.

 A few people who refuse professional treatment do eventually recover, but it may take several years, even decades. Most make little or no progress without help. 

People who do get into treatment, and stick with it, in general do much better. About half recover completely. Another 25 percent make significant progress. Unfortunately, the last 25 percent remain chronic sufferers, even with treatment.

With treatment, a few people recover in a year or less. For the vast majority, though, treatment and the recovery process take three to seven years, and in some cases even longer. Recovery takes however long it takes. For most people, changing entrenched food behaviors and resolving the issues that underlie them is a formidable challenge, perhaps the greatest challenge they will ever face.

Usually treatment is more intensive at the beginning: several therapy sessions a week and perhaps even hospitalization. As progress is made, sessions are scheduled less frequently until, at the end, there may be only two or three a year.

Proper nutrition and weight, may impact fertility. Men and women who are overweight (one of the complications of binge eating disorder) are also at risk for negative side effects, including changes in hormone levels.that heavily influence their fertility. Recent research suggests that weight plays an important role in fertility, and controlling and maintaining an ideal weight may provide a way for couples to increase their fertility. Exercise is suggested to be beneficial, though too much may be detrimental.



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