In some women it may be normal to have less bleeding during menstrual periods. Less blood flow may be genetic and, if enquiries are made, it may be found that woman’s mother and/or sister also have decreased blood flow during their periods. Pregnancy can normally occur with this type of decreased flow during the period. The incidence of infertility is the same as in women with a normal blood flow. Constitutional scanty menstruation perhaps best explained by assuming the presence of an unusual arrangement, or relative insensitivity, of the endometrial vascular apparatus.

Reduced menstrual flow is a common side-effect of hormonal contraception methods, such as oral contraceptive pills, intrauterine device (IUDs) that release hormones (such as Mirena), or hormonal implants such as Depo-Provera. The relatively low estrogen contained in most hormonal contraceptives reduces the growth of the endometrium, so there is relatively little endometrium left to be shed during menstruation. Many women find this side-effect to be a benefit of hormonal contraceptive use.

Hypomenorrhea can occur normally at the extremes of the reproductive life that is, just after puberty and just before menopause. This is because ovulation is irregular at this time, and the endomaterial lining fails to develop normally. But normal problems at other times can also cause scanty blood flow. An ovulation due to a low thyroid hormone level, high prolactin level, high insulin level, high androgen level and problems with other hormone can also cause scanty periods.


Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Menstrual flow may lighten and menstrual periods may occur less often, or with longer cycles than usual. Patients with severe hyperthyroidism had a higher prevalence of secondary amenorrhea (menstrual cycles disappear for 6 consecutive months in a girl with irregular menses or for 3 consecutive months in a girl with regular menses) and hypomenorrhea than those with mild or moderate disease.

Menstrual cycle disorders

A menstrual disorder is a generic name for any abnormal condition in a woman's menstrual cycle. Hypomenorrhea is referred as a menstrual flow disorders.

Find more about related issues


Hyperthyroidism ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Menstrual disorder ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Hypomenorrhea ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Primary and Secondary Amenorrhea ―by Chiavaroli et al. licensed under CC BY 3.0
Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, involving multiple copyrights under different terms listed in the Sources section.