visual and hearing impairment, deafblindness, dual sensory loss
Deafblindness is the full or partial loss of both vision and hearing. It is sometimes described as ‘dual sensory loss'. The impact of deafblindness depends on the degree of hearing and vision impairment, and when the impairments occurred, for example at birth, infancy or early childhood.
There are more than 100 different causes of deafblindness. The most common causes are:
About 50 percent of people in the deaf-blind community have Usher syndrome. This is a genetic condition where a person is born deaf or hard of hearing, or with normal hearing, and loses his or her vision later on in life from retinitis pigmentosa (an inherited, degenerative eye disease).
People with congenital deafblindness (CDB) need competent communication partners to help them to make sense of the world around them and to guide them in their contacts with other people.
Deaf-blind people communicate in many different ways determined by the nature of their condition, the age of onset, and what resources are available to them. For example, someone who grew up deaf and experienced vision loss later in life is likely to use a sign language (in a visually modified or tactile form). Others who grew up blind and later became deaf are more likely to use a tactile mode of their spoken/written language.
Methods of communication include:
Turner syndrome, Amenorrhoea
Turner's syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects females. Usually, a female has two X chromosomes; in females with Turner's syndrome, one of these chromosomes is missing or abnormal. There are many symptoms of Turner's syndrome. Amenorrhoea (the absence of a menstrual period in females) is often associated with Turner's syndrome, as well as vision and hearing problems.
In patients with Turner syndrome is a common degree of hearing loss. Many, however, have troubles with spatial visualization such as that needed for mathematics. Vision problems are occur often.
Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder in which a female is partly or completely missing one X chromosome that results in ovarian dysgenesis.
The absence of a menstrual period in women of reproductive age.