There are different medical treatments one can turn to in order to treat alcohol addiction. These include pharmaceutical options as well as natural remedies. Some drugs are specifically designed to reduce the cravings for alcohol, while others cause one to experience symptoms of aversion if they have a drink; in essence conditioning their body to reject alcohol. Naltrexone and Acamprosate, classified as opioid antagonists, help to reduce the craving feeling for alcohol in a recovering alcoholic, and also serve to alleviate some of the effects of alcohol on a person's system.

Excessive alcohol consumption and the associated negative consequences are a major public health concern throughout the world. Policy initiatives also have demonstrated considerable effectiveness and include changes in the minimum legal drinking age, reductions in acceptable legal limits for blood alcohol concentration while operating a motor vehicle, as well as decreasing availability and access to alcohol for underage individuals. Primary prevention programs that have used exclusively educational approaches have received mixed results. Increasing effectiveness has been associated with prevention programs that have utilized a multi-component approach and have included educational initiatives with environmental changes.

Alcohol addiction is difficult to get rid of. It may even seem impossible but with persistence and determination one can overcome it. A person does not always need to visit a doctor or a rehabilitation center to get of the muddle unless the addiction has been very serious. Otherwise, the person can follow a specific regime and get himself free from past bad habits.

Since drinking alcohol involves multiple factors which encourage a person to continue drinking, they must all be addressed to successfully prevent a relapse. An example of this kind of treatment is detoxification followed by a combination of supportive therapy, attendance at self-help groups, and ongoing development of coping mechanisms. Most treatments focus on helping people discontinue their alcohol intake, followed up with life training and/or social support to help them resist a return to alcohol use. The treatment community for alcoholism typically supports an abstinence-based zero tolerance approach. 

Environmental risk factors include social, cultural, and behavioral influences. Lack of peer and family support is associated with an increased risk of alcoholism developing. Frequent exposure to people, places and things that provoke drinking alcohol increases your risk of relapse. High stress levels, anxiety, as well as inexpensive easily accessible alcohol increases risk.   

Other addictions or mental illness may complicate treatment.

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms that can occur when an individual reduces or stops alcohol consumption after long periods of use. Prolonged and excessive use of alcohol leads to tolerance and physical dependence. The withdrawal syndrome is largely a hyper-excitable response of the central nervous system due to lack of alcohol. Symptoms typical of withdrawal include agitation, delirium tremens (DTs), and seizures.

Alcoholic hallucinosis
Alcoholic hallucinosis (or alcohol-related psychosis or alcohol-induced psychotic disorder) is a complication of alcohol withdrawal in alcoholics. Alcohol hallucinosis is a rather uncommon alcohol-induced psychotic disorder only being seen in chronic alcoholics who have many consecutive years of severe and heavy drinking during their lifetime.Alcoholic hallucinosis develops about 12 to 24 hours after the heavy drinking stops suddenly, and can last for days. It involves auditory and visual hallucinations, most commonly accusatory or threatening voices. The risk of developing alcoholic hallucinosis is increased by long-term heavy alcohol abuse and the use of other drugs.

Withdrawal can be unpleasant with the body starting to develop symptoms. Duration of alcohol withdrawal range from within hours of after the person stops drinking. It alleviates in a few days. The symptoms range from mild to severe. Severe form of alcohol withdrawal causes changes in the way the body regulates circulation and breathing. This at times can be life threatening as well. Such a condition calls for the need to see a doctor immediately.   

Women trying to become pregnant are advised to abstain from alcohol consumption, although the extent to which alcohol consumption affects female fecundity is unclear. Nonetheless, because the fetus may be particularly vulnerable to alcohol during the first few weeks after conception, it would seem prudent for women who are actively trying to become pregnant to abstain from alcohol during their fertile window until a pregnancy has been ruled out.

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Sources

How do you quit drinking Alcohol? ―by Alaya licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
alcohol medications to stop drinking ―by Matthew drew licensed under CC BY 3.0
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Alcoholic hallucinosis ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Alcoholism ―sourced from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
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