Postoperative adhesion formation is the most common complication of abdominal surgery and the sequelae of adhesion formation are decreased pregnancy rates, increased fertility treatments, and chronic abdominal pain.
The abdominal surgery may cause a reaction to injury and the body rushes inflammatory cells into the area, and inflammation and later healing result in loss of the fimbria (a finger-like projection at the end of the fallopian tube near the ovary) and closure of the tube. These infections usually affect both fallopian tubes, and although a hydrosalpinx can be one-sided, the other tube on the opposite side is often abnormal. By the time it is detected, the tubal fluid usually is sterile, and does not contain an active infection. The fertility is also impeded if the tubal end is partially occluded (tubal phimosis), and the risk of ectopic pregnancy (embryo implants outside the uterus) is increased.
During abdominal surgery at prostate, the nerves that sit on both sides of the prostate and help cause erections may be damaged and result in retrograde ejaculation. Signs of this condition may include cloudy urine after ejaculation and diminished or "dry" ejaculation with orgasm. However, sperm cells may be collected from man’s urine and purified in a lab to be used make a woman pregnant using assisted reproduction techniques (ART).