There are different medical treatments one can turn to in order to treat alcohol addiction. These include pharmaceutical options as well as natural remedies. Some drugs are specifically designed to reduce the cravings for alcohol, while others cause one to experience symptoms of aversion if they have a drink; in essence conditioning their body to reject alcohol. Naltrexone and Acamprosate, classified as opioid antagonists, help to reduce the craving feeling for alcohol in a recovering alcoholic, and also serve to alleviate some of the effects of alcohol on a person's system.
Excessive alcohol consumption and the associated negative consequences are a major public health concern throughout the world. Policy initiatives also have demonstrated considerable effectiveness and include changes in the minimum legal drinking age, reductions in acceptable legal limits for blood alcohol concentration while operating a motor vehicle, as well as decreasing availability and access to alcohol for underage individuals. Primary prevention programs that have used exclusively educational approaches have received mixed results. Increasing effectiveness has been associated with prevention programs that have utilized a multi-component approach and have included educational initiatives with environmental changes.
Alcohol addiction is difficult to get rid of. It may even seem impossible but with persistence and determination one can overcome it. A person does not always need to visit a doctor or a rehabilitation center to get of the muddle unless the addiction has been very serious. Otherwise, the person can follow a specific regime and get himself free from past bad habits.
Conventional medicine does not exist.
Assisted reproduction therapy does not exist.
Alcoholism reduces sexual functioning in women, but not as severely as the effect in men. Alcohol has no effect on the hormones of healthy non-alcoholic young women. More studies are needed to clearly elucidate the effects of alcohol intake on women’s fertility. However, multiple studies have found no association between alcohol intake and female infertility and a few studies even suggest a beneficial effect of alcohol on female fertility. In the meantime, recommendations about alcohol intake to couples trying to conceive have to be given cautiously.
Long-term effects of chronic alcohol use include erectile dysfunction, reduced libido, and gynecomastia. One mechanism of these effects is a reduction in serum testosterone caused by decreased testicular production and increased metabolic clearance in the liver. It is thought that alcoholism and hepatic cirrhosis cause alterations in the HPG axis, resulting in testicular dysfunction. In addition, the oxidation of alcohol competes with testicular production of testosterone. These mechanisms lead to subsequent decrease in semen volume and sperm density. Another factor appears to be an elevation in serum estrogen caused by peripheral conversion of testosterone to estrogen through increased activity of the enzyme aromatase, which is present both in the liver and in peripheral fat cells.
"Social" or light alcohol ingestion does not appear to interfere with semen quality. However, excessive acute alcohol intake does have adverse effects on male fertility by causing decreased serum testosterone concentrations. Impairment of spinal reflexes, also caused by excessive alcohol abuse, leads to reduced sensation and innervation of the penis, and thus may also contribute to erectile dysfunction.