Tubal and peritoneal pathology is among the most common causes of infertility and the primary diagnosis in approximately 30-35% of infertile couples. A history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), septic abortion, ruptured appendix, tubal surgery, or ectopic pregnancy suggests the possibility of tubal damage.
Peritonitis can lead to female infertility because of subsequent scarring (Pic. 3) of the fallopian tubes (salpingitis). Salpingitis then causes that the eggs released in ovulation can't get in contact with the sperm. Through salpingitis, STD belongs to the main cause of tubal sterility, distal and proximal, and ectopic pregnancies.
In men, such post-infection infertility is uncommon. Obviously, it's possible for men to develop peritonitis. However, it's not possible for it to transform into salpingitis since men lack fallopian tubes.